Matteo Avella Seminar
The Reproductive and Developmental Biology Laboratory of the Department of Health Animal Science and Food Safety hosts Professor Matteo Avella’s seminar entitled “Genome edited mouse lines define mechanisms mediating gamete recognition in human fertilization”
The event will be held July 9th at 10 am in the “Aula 11” of the Faculty of veterinary Medicine, Via Celoria 10. Please find attached the flyer of the event.
After the seminar Professor Avella will be available to meet the students to discuss scientific topics and future career perspectives. The students who are interested in meeting Prof Avella after the seminar are kindly asked to contact email@example.com to organize the event
Abstract of the Event:
Genome edited mouse lines define mechanisms mediating gamete recognition in human fertilization
Mammalian fertilization requires sperm binding to the zona pellucida, an extracellular glycoprotein matrix that surrounds ovulated eggs. Despite decades of investigation, the molecular basis of sperm binding to the zona remains incompletely understood. Using mouse genetics, we have demonstrated the essential role of a single zona pellucida (ZP) domain of ZP2 in mouse and human gamete recognition (Avella et al., J. Cell Biol. 205:801-809, 2014). These results have forced reevaluation of a widely embraced paradigm in which O-glycans on ZP3 acted as the ligand for sperm binding and fertilization. To translate this newly acquired knowledge to reproductive medicine, we have used the recombinant ZP2 domain expressed in insect cells to decoy sperm in the mouse uterus, which provides non-hormonal and reversible contraception. Using the same recombinant domain, we have also established an assay to select sperm for assisted reproductive technologies (Avella et al., Sci. Transl. Med. 336: 336ra60, 2016). Unveiling the molecular mechanisms mediating mammalian fertilization is crucial to develop novel contraceptive agents and fertility treatments in reproductive medicine or to implement new technologies in animal breeding.
Matteo Avella, Ph.D. - Assistant Professor
The University of Tulsa
Department of Biological Science
College of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Tulsa, OK, USA